The question we are left with is then a moral one - is the money generated from coal more important than the health of people and the environment when a cheaper, less invasive source of energy is available?
Renewable energy landscape: While renewable energy remains underdeveloped in the Middle East, countries in the region continue to make headlines with competitive tenders that set record-low solar and wind energy prices. "Recently, some have raised concerns that current electric market conditions may be undermining the financial viability of certain conventional power plant technologies (like existing coal and nuclear units) and thus jeopardizing electric system reliability".
By 2040, global emissions are expected to be 4 percent below 2016's levels, but an additional $5.3 trillion investment in renewable power would be needed by 2040 to keep rising global temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit). The consultants contend that market forces and aging resources are more of a factor. Wind energy, which followed a similar trajectory, now employs more than 100,000 USA workers.
Either way, it's clear the push for clean energy isn't stopping anytime soon, and in fact is accelerating in a number of key energy markets.
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Much like China, India needs to cut back on the smog-causing energy production.
With high wind output in the United Kingdom last week, the country recorded its first negative power prices whereby conventional power plants then had to pay some utilities to take their electricity.
Trump's administration, however, has made no moves to target federal tax incentives for renewable energy projects, thanks mainly to bipartisan support in Congress. It certainly could, even though such motivation may not actually be necessary: the US coal industry is in a natural decline that will only accelerate in the coming years. We are onto make up the second payment.
"As a research organisation, which plays a role in policy direction and engages with policy-makers, we are also working with various stakeholders including battery technology companies to facilitate smoother transition, says Mathur".
"Unrealistic visions based on a very limited set of technologies have made it more hard to actually transition to cleaner technology in the real world", Caldeira said.
The debate over when a fully-renewable energy grid will be possible continues with a study published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by researchers representing more than a dozen schools and research institutions in the US and Sweden including UC San Diego.
He said the government in collaboration with the Niger Delta Power Holding Company (NDPHC) was able to provide sustainable renewable energy through end to end solution, including a pay-as-you-go system for the community. Many power plants have switched to natural gas in recent years as the shale boom has sent gas prices plunging.