"Yesterday the Washington regime fabricated the most vicious sanctions resolution", Pyongyang's ambassador in Geneva told the UN Conference on Disarmament in the first North Korean reaction to Monday's unanimous vote. Textile exports, banned under the resolution, represent more than a quarter of North Korea's export income.
Chinese and Russian negotiators managed to persuade the USA delegation not to impose a travel ban or asset freeze on North Korea's leader Kim Jong-un.
"We think it's just another very small step, not a big deal", Trump told reporters at the start of his meeting with Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak. He did not elaborate.
The US-drafted resolution was passed unanimously on Monday, just a month after the UNSC chose to ban exports of coal, lead, and seafood in response to Pyongyang's launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM).
It followed up with a sixth nuclear test on September 3, its largest to date, which North Korea said was a hydrogen bomb small enough to fit onto a missile.
"It was hard to find out how powerful the nuclear test was with the amount of xenon detected, but we can say the xenon was from North Korea", Choi Jongbae, executive commissioner, told a news conference in Seoul. In a clear message to North Korean threats to attack the USA, she said: "We will never forget the lesson that those who have evil intentions must be confronted". Both nations have called for dialogue, something Trump has resisted.
"We must target major Chinese banks, such as China Merchants Bank and even big state owned-banks like the Agricultural Bank of China that have significant presences in the U.S., if they do not stop doing business with North Korea", Royce said. At the same time, they don't want Kim provoking the US into any action that could destabilize the region.
The watered-down resolution does not include sanctions that the USA wanted on North Korea's national airline and the army.
Assistant Treasury Secretary Marshall Billingslea displayed slides showing ships he said picked up coal and other commodities in North Korea, illegally turning off their electronic identification systems to hide the fact that they were carrying cargo to China and Russian Federation.
The EU is reportedly mulling deporting North Korean workers in Europe to block the North's income source for its nuclear program.
North Korea's nuclear tests have escalated from 10 kilotons of TNT to 160 kilotons in the past year, according to the Japanese Defense Ministry. The ship then docked in Vladivostok, Russia, before finally going to China to presumably unload its cargo.
Meanwhile, Seoul announced on Wednesday that it had conducted its first live-fire drill for an advanced air-launched cruise missile in a bid to strengthen the country's pre-emptive strike capability against North Korea.
"The success of the pressure strategy will depend on cooperation from global partners, especially Beijing", said Susan Thornton, America's top diplomat for East Asia. And then just a few days later, the USA reached a compromise with China and Russian Federation and caved on its goal of cutting off the North's supply of crude oil.
Those tools include more sanctions.
South Korea's Cyber Warfare Research Center alleged a few weeks ago that at least one Bitcoin exchange had been targeted by a Nork hack, and now FireEye threat researcher Luke McNamara writes that "since May 2017, we have observed North Korean actors target at least three South Korean cryptocurrency exchanges with the suspected intent of stealing funds".
Billingsea described the action as "a very clear warning shot that the Chinese understood".
Also the resolution prohibits UN Member States from providing work authorizations for DPRK nationals unless "is required for the delivery of humanitarian assistance, denuclearization or any other goal", consistent with other resolutions on the topic.
President Donald Trump said Tuesday new United Nations sanctions "are nothing compared to what ultimately will have to happen" to stop North Korea's nuclear march.
North Korea now receives a total of about 8.5 million barrels of oil/petroleum: 4.5 million in refined form and 4 million in crude form. Royce also called on Washington to target major Chinese banks, including the Agricultural Bank of China and the China Merchants Bank for dealing with Pyongyang.
Rep. Eliot Engel, the committee's top-ranking Democrat, also supported the pressure campaign.
"Unfortunately, the DPRK does not cease to constantly violate the Security Council resolutions, which inevitably leads to even bigger consequences for the country and its leadership", Permanent Representative of Kazakhstan in the UN Kairat Umarov said. The council banned North Korean textile exports and capped its imports of crude oil.
"We're sort of at the floor at this point", she said at a separate press briefing, using the acronym of North Korea's official name, Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Perhaps the most infamous is his statement against North Korea in which he said, "North Korea best not make any more threats to the United States". "We must not give in to our emotions and drive North Korea into a corner, and we must avoid action that raises tensions".