The first proper democratic elections in decades in the country took place in November 2015 and these elections propelled to power Nobel Peace Prize icon Aung San Suu Kyi and her pro-democracy movement.
Suu Kyi has not spoken out against what the United Nations is calling ethnic cleansing, which has incited outrage from the global community and calls for her Nobel Prize to be revoked.
The United Nations had yesterday said that the situation in Myanmar is a "textbook example of ethnic cleansing", as the number of Rohingya Muslims fleeing Myanmar for Bangladesh topped 300,000.
Ms Suu Kyi has dismissed the Rohingya crisis as a misinformation campaign.
Tutu said in an open letter to Suu Kyi that: "I am now elderly, decrepit and formally retired, but breaking my vow to remain silent on public affairs out of profound sadness about the plight of the Muslim minority in your country, the Rohingya".
A Myanmar reporter in the north of the state said he had reports from residents of an area called Rathedaung that six villages there had been torched and that there had also been shooting in the area.
Western critics have accused Suu Kyi of not speaking out for the Rohingya, who have been fleeing to neighboring Bangladesh, following an army counter-offensive against militant attacks.
Myanmar has said it is negotiating with China and Russian Federation to ensure they block any Security Council censure over the crisis.
The U.N. said Tuesday that 370,000 Rohingyas have fled to Bangladesh since August 25 and thousands are arriving every day.
Bangladesh has been overwhelmed with the massive influx of Rohingya, many of whom arrived hungry and traumatized after walking for days through jungles or being packed into rickety wooden boats.
"Why will a citizen of a country come to another country as refugees?" That prompted Myanmar's military to launch "clearance operations" against the rebels, setting off a wave of violence that has left hundreds dead and thousands of homes burned - mostly Rohingya in both cases.
She pledged that Bangladesh would do its best to help the Rohingya, but said Myanmar should take steps soon to "take their nationals back".
He complained that Myanmar's Muslims have been "abandoned by most of the world, including a lot of Muslim countries", which have lined up with the Persian Gulf states in their negligence toward the Rohingya minority. "The world is waiting and the Rohingya Muslims are waiting".
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Thursday called on the worldwide community to ask Myanmar to take back its citizens who were seeking refuge in Bangladesh. Many have no shelter, and aid agencies are racing to provide clean water, sanitation and food.