Types of Inflation–

Inflation is a situation of sustained and inordinate increase in the prices of goods and services. Read on to understand the various types of inflation.

When there is a rise in general price level for all goods and services it is known as inflation. An inflationary movement could be because of the rise in any single price or a group of prices of related goods and services. 

Types of Inflation 

 There are four main types of inflation. The various types of inflation are briefed below. 

 Wage Inflation: Wage inflation is also called asdemand-pull or excess demand inflation. This type of inflation occurs when total demand for goods and services in an economy exceeds the supply of the same. When the supply is less, the prices of these goods and services would rise, leading to a situation called as demand-pull inflation. 

 

Cost-push Inflation: As the name suggests, if there is increase in the cost of production of goods and services, there is likely to be a forceful increase in the prices of finished goods and services. This type of inflation may or may not occur in conjunction with demand-pull inflation.

 

Pricing Power Inflation:Pricing power inflation is more often called as administered price inflation. This type of inflation occurs when the business houses and industries decide to increase the price of their respective goods and services to increase their profit margins. A point noteworthy is pricing power inflation does not occur at the time of financial crises and economic depression, or when there is a downturn in the economy. This type of inflation is also called as oligopolistic inflation because oligopolies have the power of pricing their goods and services. 

 

Sectoral Inflation: This is the fourth major type of inflation. The sectoral inflation takes place when there is an increase in the price of the goods and services produced by a certain sector of industries. For instance, an increase in the cost of crude oil would directly affect all the other sectors, which are directly related to the oil industry. Thus, the ever-increasing price of fuel has become an important issue related to the economy all over the world. Take the example of aviation industry. When the price of oil increases, the ticket fares would also go up. This would lead to a widespread inflation throughout the economy, even though it had originated in one basic sector. If this situation occurs when there is a recession in the economy, there would be layoffs and it would adversely affect the work force and the economy in turn. 

 

Other Types of Inflation

Fiscal Inflation: Fiscal Inflation occurs when there is excess government spending. This occurs when there is a deficit budget. 

 

Hyperinflation:Hyperinflation is also known as runaway inflation or galloping inflation. This type of inflation occurs during or soon after a war. This can usually lead to the complete breakdown of a country’s monetary system. However, this type of inflation is short-lived. 

 

“To sum up, any type of inflation could affect the economy of a country badly.”